The old lab test – called the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) – was designed in the 1980s and became outdated today due to several evolutions in technology and driving conditions.
The European Union has therefore prepared a new test, called the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) that applies from September 2017.
main differences between the two test procedures:
|Test cycle||Single test cycle||Dynamic cycle more representative of real driving|
|Cycle time||20 minutes||30 minutes|
|Cycle distance||11 kilometre||23.25 kilometre|
|Driving phases||2 phases, 66% urban and 34% non-urban driving||4 more dynamic phases, 52% urban and 48% non-urban|
|Average speed||34 kilometre per hour||46.5 kilometre per hour|
|Maximum speed||120 kilometre per hour||131 kilometre per hour|
|Influence of optional equipment||Impact on CO2 and fuel performance not considered under NEDC||Additional features (which can differ per car) are taken into account|
|Gear shifts||Vehicles have fixed gear shift points||Different gear shift points for each vehicle|
|Test temperatures||Measurements at 20-30°C||Measurements at 23°C, CO2 values corrected to 14°C|